As urban populations have grown significantly in recent decades, so has the amount of waste generated. Dealing with urban waste in a timely and efficient manner is crucial for maintaining a clean environment and preserving public health. Urban waste management involves three primary stages: garbage collection from various locations, loading and transportation of waste, and the final treatment of garbage in specialized facilities.

The emergence of sanitation equipment has greatly improved the efficiency of urban waste disposal, enabling tasks such as cleaning, collection, transportation, pre-treatment, and final disposal. Among these innovations, garbage disposal vehicles have played a pivotal role, enhancing the capabilities of urban sanitation departments.

Analyzing the Advancements in Hooklift Garbage Truck

A Brief Overview of Hooklift Waste Management Trucks

The hooklift waste management truck, also known as a box removable garbage truck, compartment removable garbage truck, or hook arm garbage truck, is a widely used type of garbage truck. It incorporates a retractable hook arm mechanism, enabling the truck to lift and unload waste bins automatically.

This truck excels at efficiently collecting and transporting garbage during the waste disposal process. With its simple structure, stable operation, high loading and unloading efficiency, and mechanization, the hooklift waste management truck offers numerous advantages, such as reducing the need for manual labor.

The hooklift waste management truck features an attached frame on the chassis, where the garbage container is placed, and a lifting device is installed. The primary hydraulic cylinder, situated on the arm of the garbage truck, serves as the main mechanism for lifting and unloading garbage. One end of the hydraulic cylinder connects to the rear end of the attached frame, near the cabin, while the other end attaches to the hook arm.

  1. The key components of the hooklift waste management truck include the loadable bin, the hooklift device, and the car body with the undercarriage. The loadable bin, supported by the hooklift device, can be elevated to a certain height, allowing for the bin’s rear gear plate to open. This enables the garbage to be unloaded under gravity, either directly or with the assistance of bin rollers that drag the waste from the ground to the vehicle chassis.
  2. The hooklift waste management truck eliminates the need for a dedicated cleaning mechanism within the bin structure. By tilting the bin backward, the truck can unload the garbage without requiring the compartment to be emptied separately. This simplification of the bin structure enhances the efficiency of pull-type garbage trucks.
  3. The removable nature of the hooklift waste management truck’s compartment offers additional advantages. By separating the bin from the vehicle, multiple bins can be matched with a single truck. This allows the garbage truck to unload bins at different locations for garbage collection. Once a bin is full, it can be transported independently, resulting in cost savings associated with the vehicle body.
  4. When unloading garbage, the hooklift waste management truck tilts the bin backward, enabling complete disposal of the waste through the force of gravity. This significantly enhances operational efficiency.

Development Status of Hooklift Garbage Truck

The research and manufacturing of hooklift waste management trucks began in the 1960s and 1970s, triggered by the high demand for sanitation machinery and equipment during periods of industrialization and urbanization. After decades of development, research, design, and manufacturing of pull-type garbage trucks have evolved into a mature system with advanced theories and technologies. Notably, several prominent manufacturers, such as SWAPLEADER from the United States, PARTEK from Finland, and VLE HOOKLIFT from China, have achieved significant advancements in the technical sophistication, quality, and practicality of their hooklift waste management truck offerings.


Hooklift waste management trucks provide a convenient and efficient solution for collecting and transporting urban household garbage. Through decades of research and manufacturing of pull-type garbage trucks, sophisticated design theories, advanced manufacturing processes, and commercialization systems have been established. This article aimed to analyze the development status of hooklift waste management trucks, promoting a deeper understanding of their capabilities. By furthering research and production in this field, we can enhance the competitiveness of sanitation vehicles and improve waste management practices overall.